The Mako Robotic-Arm Assisted Technology & Surgery makes possible highly predictable surgical experiences when performing hip and knee joint replacement surgery. The Mako System provides CT scan derived, patient-specific 3D modeling enabling accurate planning of implant size, orientation and alignment. The current Mako System product offering includes Partial Knee, Total Hip and Total Knee surgical applications.
Mako Robotic-Arm Assisted Technology was acquired by Stryker in December 2013 with a goal of transforming orthopaedic surgery by combining Stryker’s market-leading implants with Mako’s proprietary robotic-arm technology.
The Mako System provides dynamic joint balancing by allowing the orthopedic surgeon to make intra-operative adjustments in order to optimize implant placement. The robotic-arm does NOT make decisions on its own or move without the surgeon guiding the robotic-arm.
Patient-specific pre-operative planning enables more accurate implant positioning. The surgeon can modify the plan if necessary based on the intra-operative data to virtually balance the joint and achieve individualized placement.
Prior to surgery, a CT scan of the hip or knee joint is taken to generate a 3D virtual model of the patient’s unique anatomy. The 3D model helps the doctor see areas they can’t typically see with an x-ray alone. This additional information helps your doctor determine the optimal size, placement and positioning of the implant or removal of bone and cartilage.
The Mako System provides real-time data to your surgeon throughout the entire procedure and the surgeon can adjust the surgical plan if desired. The Mako System provides the surgeon a virtual boundary with real tactile resistance to keep the surgeon within the boundaries defined in the surgical plan.
The surgeon guides Mako’s robotic arm to remove the arthritic bone and cartilage from the joint. The Mako robotic-arm guides the implant at the specific angle ensuring the proper placement and alignment of the implant.
A CT scan of the patient’s diseased hip or knee joint area is uploaded into the Mako System software, which creates a 3D model. The orthpedic surgeon uses the Mako System to create a personalized plan for the joint replacement procedure. The surgeon authenticates the personalized plan and makes any adjustments while guiding the robotic-arm during surgery.
Every patient and joint replacement surgery is unique to that individual for many different reasons. If the patient has yet to find any non-surgical knee treatment options that provide adequate long-term relief, the patient may be a candidate for Mako Total Knee replacement surgery.
Mako robotic-arm assisted total knee replacement treatment option provides the patient with a personalized surgical plan based on their unique anatomy.
A CT scan is taken of the patient’s knee joint. The CT scan is then digitally uploaded into the Mako System software where a 3D model of the knee is created. This 3D model is used as a precise guide for the surgeon to plan and perform the patient’s total knee replacement.
In the operating room the orthopedic surgeon will follow the personalized surgical plan.
The orthopedic surgeon guides the robotic-arm to remove the diseased bone and cartilage sections. The Mako System helps the surgeon stay within the designated boundaries of the personalized pre-operative plan.
If non-surgical therapies, such as physical therapy and injections have all failed to provide long-term relief, it is time to discuss surgical options with your orthopedic surgeon. Mako Robotic-Arm Assisted Technology for total hip replacement is a procedure option for patients suffering from degenerative hip joint disease or hip injury.
The Mako Technology System provides the orthopedic surgeon with a personalized surgical experience based on the patient’s diagnosis and individual anatomy. A CT scan of the hip joint is used to generate a 3D virtual model. The virtual model is loaded into the Mako System software and used by the surgeon to create your personalized surgical plan.
The orthopedic surgeon guides the robotic-arm to remove diseased bone and cartilage, prepare hip socket for new implant, and ultimately restore alignment and function of the hip.
The Mako Robotic-Arm Assisted Total Hip Replacement procedure may offer benefits including increased accuracy and alignment, less blood loss, and better outcomes with higher activity scores post surgery.
South Bend Orthopaedics is one of few joint replacement centers in Indiana providing advanced robotic surgery technology. Early in 2019 medical technology innovator, Zimmer Biomet, secured FDA approval of its new Rosa Robotic Surgery System for knee replacement surgery.
The Rosa Robotic Knee Replacement System includes 3-dimensional technology that enables the knee replacement surgeon to make more precise cuts during surgery and better align the new artificial knee joint to the patient. The robot assisted surgery system also enables the surgeon to preserve more healthy bone during surgery.
The subject of robotic assisted surgery for orthopedics is of keen interest worldwide, with more regional orthopedic joint replacement centers seeing value in adding the advanced technology to their capabilities.
For example, recently the Hip and Knee Society published a paper recently comparing the 90-day episode of care cost with patients receiving a Mako total knee replacement versus conventional knee surgery. Overall, the study determined that Mako robotic assisted surgery patients had a cost of care per episode that was $2,391 less than conventional knee replacement. Additionally, fewer Mako robotic surgery patients needed to be discharged to nursing facilities. Mako Robotic Surgery patients also had a 90-day readmission reduction of 33%.
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